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西斯汀教堂天花壁畫

和英

 

  西斯汀教堂(Sistine Chapel)天花壁畫,是1508年到1512年間,米開朗基羅(Michelangelo, di Lodovico Buonarroti-simoni, 1475-1564) 應教皇朱力阿斯二世(Pope Julius II)之請到教廷完成的作品。西斯汀教堂位於梵蒂岡,建於1473-81年,是當時教皇所在的教堂。

 

  米開朗基羅是意大利雕塑家,畫家,建築師和詩人。他在西斯汀教堂的天花壁畫中,呈現了無與倫比之才華。

 ◆九幅 創世記圖
 ◆四幅在角落下懸部分圖
 ◆四幅在下懸部分上端的一對銅裸像圖
 ◆八幅銅裸像圖
 ◆七幅先知圖
 ◆五幅女先知Sibyl圖
 ◆二十幅 ignudi 圖
 ◆十幅大圓裝飾章圖

  首先,米開朗基羅繪出上帝創造天地的全能,威嚴與對人類特別的愛。創造亞當圖(觀看)中,上帝與亞當的手若觸若離,使我們看到上帝的手指,向亞當傳出一股生命的能量。聖經記載,上帝向亞當的鼻孔吹一口氣,使他成為有靈的活人。

   當亞當夏娃被逐出伊甸園時,他們十分羞慚,罪疚使他們面向天使時,也十分懼怕。不過,並非沒有盼望。(觀看)

   畫大洪水時(觀看),米開朗基羅描繪到那些沒有進入方舟的人,面對洪水時是何等的愴惶懼怕。只有挪亞一家八口,聽從上帝的話,建造並進入方舟,才免於滅亡。聖經說:“挪亞因着信,既蒙神指示他未見的事,動了敬畏的心,預備了一隻方舟,使他全家得救。因此就定了那世代的罪,自己也承受了那從信而來的義。”

  藉着信,挪亞在洪水中得以存活。米開朗基羅也曾藉着一首詩,展示他對上帝的信靠:

    唯獨藉信 By Faith Alone  Michelangelo
全地上的物再沒有比我更邪惡卑賤
如果沒有你,我的人生只有悲慘。
現在,我的靈陷在諸多的錯失裏面,
軟弱,疲倦,不堅,懇求你的赦免。
至高的主啊﹗向我伸展那施恩的鍊,
那鍊,與各樣神聖的恩賜相連﹕
我以信心的極限傾訴靈魂的深願,
逃避肉慾,它的路引向死亡陰間。
有了稀有恩賜中最大的恩賜,仍然
願求更加豐盛﹔還再要求更加添,
因為世界不能夠給真實的滿足平安,
唯獨藉着信,使我的內心成為
湧流出悲苦眼淚的泉源,真實悔罪﹕
此外再沒有別的鑰匙能開啟天堂門限。
No earthly object is more base and vile
Than I, without Thee, miserable am.
My spirit now, midst errors multiform,
Weak, wearied, and infirm, pardon implores.
O Lord most high! extend to me that chain
Which with itself links every gift divine:
Chiefest to my faith I bid my soul aspire,
Flying from sense, whose path conducts to death.
The rarer be this gift of gifts, the more
May it to be abound; and still the more,
Since the world yields not true content and peace
By faith alone the font of bitter tears
Can spring within my heart, made penitent:
No other key unlocks the gates of heaven.

 

  米開朗基羅在這幅天花壁畫裏,告訴了我們不少故事。仔細分析處處,你可會有更多的發現(按下圖不同的地方,可以瀏覽該局之放大圖和詳細資料)。

按下圖之不同區覽局部放大及詳細資料
按下圖的覽放大全圖

David and Goliath Prophet Zechariah Judith and Holofernes The coat of arms of the della Rovere Prophet Joel Drunkenness of Noah Delphic Sibyl The Deluge Putti Putti Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Punishment of Haman The Brazen Serpent Bronze nudes Bronze nudes Prophet Jonah Separation of Light from Darkness Creation of the Sun, Moon, and Plants Separation of the Earth from the Waters Creation of Eve Creation of Adam The Fall and the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden Sacrifice of Noah Bronze nudes Bronze nudes Ancestors of Christ: Zerubabbel's family Ancestors of Christ: Jechoniah's family Ancestors of Christ: Uzziah's family Ancestors of Christ: Hezekiah's family Ancestors of Christ: Rehoboam's family Ancestors of Christ: Asa's family Ancestors of Christ: Salmon's family Ancestors of Christ: Jesse's family Prophet Isaiah Prophet Ezekiel Prophet Daniel Prophet Jeremiah Putto holding the painted marble tablet with the name of Jeremiah Lybian Sibyl Persian Sibyl Cumaean Sibyl Pair of putti Erythraean Sibyl Putto holding a painted marble tablet with the name of the Sibyl Medallion: Murder of Abner Medallion: Bidkar Throwing the Body of the deposed King Joram from his Chariot in Naboth's Vineyard Medallion: Destruction of the Statue of the God Baal Medallion: Killing of Uriah Medallion: Destruction of the Tribe of Ahab Medallion: David before the Prophet Nathan Medallion not decorated Medallion: Death of Absolon Elijah Ascending to Heaven on the Chariot of Fire Medallion: Sacrifice of Isaac Lunette: Eleazar - Matthan Lunette: Azor - Zadok Lunette: Achim - Eliud Lunette: Josiah - Jechoniah - Shealtiel Lunette: Zerubbabel - Abiud - Eliakim Lunette: Hezekiah - Manasseh - Amon Lunette: Uzziah - Jotham - Ahaz Lunette: Asa - Jehoshaphat - Joram Lunette: Rehoboam - Abijah Lunette: Jesse - David - Solomon Lunette: Salmon - Boaz - Obed Lunette: Amminadab Lunette: Nahshon Side wall with lunette and popes Lunette: Jacob - Joseph Zoom the image of the entire ceiling

 

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